xgenerator

Defined in xtensor/xgenerator.hpp

template<class F, class R, class S>
class xgenerator : public xt::xsharable_expression<xgenerator<F, R, S>>, public xt::xconst_iterable<xgenerator<F, R, S>>, public xt::xconst_accessible<xgenerator<F, R, S>>, public extension::xgenerator_base_t<F, R, S>

Multidimensional function operating on indices.

The xgenerator class implements a multidimensional function, generating a value from the supplied indices.

Template Parameters
  • F – the function type

  • R – the return type of the function

  • S – the shape type of the generator

Constructor

template<class Func>
inline xgenerator(Func &&f, const S &shape) noexcept

Constructs an xgenerator applying the specified function over the given shape.

Parameters
  • f – the function to apply

  • shape – the shape of the xgenerator

Size and shape

inline const inner_shape_type &shape() const noexcept

Returns the shape of the xgenerator.

Data

template<class ...Args>
inline auto operator()(Args... args) const -> const_reference

Returns the evaluated element at the specified position in the function.

Parameters

args – a list of indices specifying the position in the function. Indices must be unsigned integers, the number of indices should be equal or greater than the number of dimensions of the function.

template<class ...Args>
inline auto unchecked(Args... args) const -> const_reference

Returns a constant reference to the element at the specified position in the expression.

Warning

This method is meant for performance, for expressions with a dynamic number of dimensions (i.e. not known at compile time). Since it may have undefined behavior (see parameters), operator() should be prefered whenever it is possible.

Warning

This method is NOT compatible with broadcasting, meaning the following code has undefined behavior:

xt::xarray<double> a = {{0, 1}, {2, 3}};
xt::xarray<double> b = {0, 1};
auto fd = a + b;
double res = fd.uncheked(0, 1);

Parameters

args – a list of indices specifying the position in the expression. Indices must be unsigned integers, the number of indices must be equal to the number of dimensions of the expression, else the behavior is undefined.

template<class It>
inline auto element(It first, It last) const -> const_reference

Returns a constant reference to the element at the specified position in the function.

Parameters
  • first – iterator starting the sequence of indices

  • last – iterator ending the sequence of indices The number of indices in the sequence should be equal to or greater than the number of dimensions of the container.

Broadcasting

template<class O>
inline bool broadcast_shape(O &shape, bool reuse_cache = false) const

Broadcast the shape of the function to the specified parameter.

Parameters
  • shape – the result shape

  • reuse_cache – parameter for internal optimization

Returns

a boolean indicating whether the broadcasting is trivial

template<class O>
inline bool has_linear_assign(const O&) const noexcept

Checks whether the xgenerator can be linearly assigned to an expression with the specified strides.

Returns

a boolean indicating whether a linear assign is possible

Public Functions

template<class O>
inline auto reshape(O &&shape) const &

Reshapes the generator and keeps old elements.

The shape argument can have one of its value equal to -1, in this case the value is inferred from the number of elements in the generator and the remaining values in the shape.

auto a = xt::arange<double>(50).reshape({-1, 10});
//a.shape() is {5, 10}

Parameters

shape – the new shape (has to have same number of elements as the original genrator)